BBC's technology evolution shown at National Museum of Computing – BBC

A new exhibition looking at the evolution of technology at the BBC has opened to mark the corporation's 100th anniversary.
"BBC through the decades" is at the National Museum of Computing at Bletchley Park, near Milton Keynes.
It showcases the analogue and digital technology used by the BBC since its inception and the innovations it contributed towards.
Museum director Jacqui Garrad said it was an "epochal British institution".
The exhibition looks at how the BBC began broadcasting, the first television broadcast in 1932 and the move to colour in 1967.
It also features the launch of the BBC website in 1997 and the digital switchover that began in 2007.
The museum also recognises the contribution to computing and technology made by the BBC, with innovations such as Ceefax, BBC Micro and the BBC Domesday Project.
Visitors can also be hands-on with exhibitions, including playing retro games on a 1980s BBC computer.
Ms Garrad said: "The BBC is an iconic British institution, with global reach, respect and recognition.
"We are very excited to showcase this history."
The exhibition was launched at the weekend by former BBC technology correspondent Rory Cellan-Jones, who said the BBC was "a key part of my family history".
He said: "I worked there for 40 years, and before me my mother joined the corporation in wartime Bristol and left TV Centre in London in 1974.
"By the time I was made technology correspondent, the BBC's R&D teams had already pioneered everything from mobile recording, as used on D-Day, to an online news service.
"Then as I reported the rise of the smartphone and AI, I watched the BBC adapt to this new era."
He said the exhibition "honours the remarkable technological evolution at the BBC across its 100-year history".
The exhibition is at the museum until 20 November.
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Confronting The Risks Of Innovation And Technology – Forbes

While technology is critical and necessary for businesses, it often is challenging to effectively … [+] implement and apply.
Innovation and technology are at the top of nearly every business agenda. Technology is critical to innovation, and it also serves as the accelerator for many parts of businesses’ growth plans, from manufacturing to distribution to marketing to finance. As the last decade has increasingly shown, companies that are unable to adopt new technologies quickly and effectively or don’t have the right mix of talent run the risk of being outpaced, outsmarted, and otherwise disrupted. In many cases, the willingness and ability to adopt technology determines a company’s very survival.
In fact, our research showed that leading companies that amplified their technology investments during the pandemic significantly extended their growth advantage over competitors, growing revenue at five times the rate of laggards, exceptionally higher than the two times rate of growth they enjoyed a few years prior.
While technology is critical and necessary for businesses, it often is challenging to effectively implement and apply. To make the right technological shifts, companies need to have the right organization, people, and skills in place. This is a fine line; organizations sometimes move too quickly, which could lead to unintended consequences like operations glitches, security and risk concerns, or a poor customer experience, while firms that move too cautiously run the risk of being outmaneuvered as they find it harder to satisfy customers, attract needed talent and ultimately lose market share.
Technology transformation is necessary, but successful transformation depends on solving two key issues.
First, companies need to make not only the right investments but the right amounts of investment, in people, training and technology infrastructure. And, importantly, this needs to be done across the technology spectrum. For example, at one level, technology automates simple processes and lowers costs. At a higher level, it provides insight leading to better business decisions and ways of working, enabling people to be more effective in their roles. Companies need to address both levels, integrating technology to lower costs but also to support and encourage innovation.
Second, companies need to figure out the right pace of adoption. This can be tricky, as innovation does not often move at a predictable pace. Rather, it moves in fits and starts, with frustration and stagnation often preceding periods of rapid progress. Bill Gates was quoted as saying back in 1996 that “We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. Don’t let yourself be lulled into inaction.” This remains as sage advice today.
We have seen this cycle play out many times including recently with the global COVID-19 vaccine project, which saw cross-competitor collaboration leading to a vaccine developed in a shorter period than once previously thought possible. In parallel, every industry has seen the rapid adoption of cloud, analytics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning – changing dramatically how they work in both process and pace. And change will continue to bring new opportunities, with everything from electric vehicles to the metaverse to quantum computing. Companies need to get used to the idea that linear planning won’t work as well as it has in the past; there won’t be straight line gains each quarter, but rather flat periods followed by bursts of growth.
Companies’ risk management functions need to be in a position to help keep the risks of innovation and technology adoption under control. Risk managers can serve as impartial advocates for the right balance of investment and the right pace of adoption. And they can explore the benefits of new technologies while helping identify the risks associated with these technologies. Quantum computing provides a good example of a technology with great promise but with new security risks, in this case related to quantum computing’s ability to overwhelm current encryption protocols.
Risk management has a major ongoing responsibility to address the risks involved in digital transformation but it needs the confidence and skills to effectively do so. For example, consider that only 49 percent of respondents in our 2021 risk study said they were “fully capable” of assessing risks associated with the cloud, with even smaller numbers reporting readiness for AI, blockchain and other new technologies.
As organizations move faster and change more often, technology will become even more critical and integrated to achieving strategic outcomes. To keep pace with the heightened level of transformation, risk has to increase its technology skills, awareness and acumen, as well as more proactively and frequently engage with the business around technology risk. Those who do so can help their organizations advance their technology agendas with the right investments at the right speed and tackle the transformation roadblocks as they emerge along the way.

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Cracking the carbon removal challenge | MIT News | Massachusetts Institute of Technology – MIT News



By most measures, MIT chemical engineering spinoff Verdox has been enjoying an exceptional year. The carbon capture and removal startup, launched in 2019, announced $80 million in funding in February from a group of investors that included Bill Gates’ Breakthrough Energy Ventures. Then, in April — after recognition as one of the year’s top energy pioneers by Bloomberg New Energy Finance — the company and partner Carbfix won a $1 million XPRIZE Carbon Removal milestone award. This was the first round in the Musk Foundation’s four-year, $100 million-competition, the largest prize offered in history.
“While our core technology has been validated by the significant improvement of performance metrics, this external recognition further verifies our vision,” says Sahag Voskian SM ’15, PhD ’19, co-founder and chief technology officer at Verdox. “It shows that the path we’ve chosen is the right one.”
The search for viable carbon capture technologies has intensified in recent years, as scientific models show with increasing certainty that any hope of avoiding catastrophic climate change means limiting CO2 concentrations below 450 parts per million by 2100. Alternative energies will only get humankind so far, and a vast removal of CO2 will be an important tool in the race to remove the gas from the atmosphere.
Voskian began developing the company’s cost-effective and scalable technology for carbon capture in the lab of T. Alan Hatton, the Ralph Landau Professor of Chemical Engineering at MIT. “It feels exciting to see ideas move from the lab to potential commercial production,” says Hatton, a co-founder of the company and scientific advisor, adding that Verdox has speedily overcome the initial technical hiccups encountered by many early phase companies. “This recognition enhances the credibility of what we’re doing, and really validates our approach.”
At the heart of this approach is technology Voskian describes as “elegant and efficient.” Most attempts to grab carbon from an exhaust flow or from air itself require a great deal of energy. Voskian and Hatton came up with a design whose electrochemistry makes carbon capture appear nearly effortless. Their invention is a kind of battery: conductive electrodes coated with a compound called polyanthraquinone, which has a natural chemical attraction to carbon dioxide under certain conditions, and no affinity for CO2 when these conditions are relaxed. When activated by a low-level electrical current, the battery charges, reacting with passing molecules of CO2 and pulling them onto its surface. Once the battery becomes saturated, the CO2 can be released with a flip of voltage as a pure gas stream.
“We showed that our technology works in a wide range of CO2 concentrations, from the 20 percent or higher found in cement and steel industry exhaust streams, down to the very diffuse 0.04 percent in air itself,” says Hatton. Climate change science suggests that removing CO2 directly from air “is an important component of the whole mitigation strategy,” he adds.
“This was an academic breakthrough,” says Brian Baynes PhD ’04, CEO and co-founder of Verdox. Baynes, a chemical engineering alumnus and a former associate of Hatton’s, has many startups to his name, and a history as a venture capitalist and mentor to young entrepreneurs. When he first encountered Hatton and Voskian’s research in 2018, he was “impressed that their technology showed it could reduce energy consumption for certain kinds of carbon capture by 70 percent compared to other technologies,” he says. “I was encouraged and impressed by this low-energy footprint, and recommended that they start a company.”
Neither Hatton nor Voskian had commercialized a product before, so they asked Baynes to help them get going. “I normally decline these requests, because the costs are generally greater than the upside,” Baynes says. “But this innovation had the potential to move the needle on climate change, and I saw it as a rare opportunity.”
The Verdox team has no illusions about the challenge ahead. “The scale of the problem is enormous,” says Voskian. “Our technology must be in a position to capture mega- and gigatons of CO2 from air and emission sources.” Indeed, the International Panel on Climate Change estimates the world must remove 10 gigatons of CO2 per year by 2050 in order to keep global temperature rise under 2 degrees Celsius.
To scale up successfully and at a pace that could meet the world’s climate challenge, Verdox must become “a business that works in a technoeconomic sense,” as Baynes puts it. This means, for instance, ensuring its carbon capture system offers clear and competitive cost benefits when deployed. Not a problem, says Voskian: “Our technology, because it uses electric energy, can be easily integrated into the grid, working with solar and wind on a plug-and-play basis.” The Verdox team believes their carbon footprint will beat that of competitors by orders of magnitude.
The company is pushing past a series of technical obstacles as it ramps up: enabling the carbon capture battery to run hundreds of thousands of cycles before its performance wanes, and enhancing the polyanthraquinone chemistry so that the device is even more selective for CO2.
After hurtling past critical milestones, Verdox is now working with its first announced commercial client: Norwegian aluminum company Hydro, which aims to eliminate CO2 from the exhaust of its smelters as it transitions to zero-carbon production.
Verdox is also developing systems that can efficiently pull CO2 out of ambient air. “We’re designing units that would look like rows and rows of big fans that bring the air into boxes containing our batteries,” he says. Such approaches might prove especially useful in locations such as airfields, where there are higher-than-normal concentrations of CO2 emissions present.
All this captured carbon needs to go somewhere. With XPRIZE partner Carbfix, which has a decade-old, proven method for mineralizing captured CO2 and depositing it in deep underground caverns, Verdox will have a final resting place for CO2 that cannot immediately be reused for industrial applications such as new fuels or construction materials.
With its clients and partners, the team appears well-positioned for the next round of the carbon removal XPRIZE competition, which will award up to $50 million to the group that best demonstrates a working solution at a scale of at least 1,000 tons removed per year, and can present a viable blueprint for scaling to gigatons of removal per year.
Can Verdox meaningfully reduce the planet’s growing CO2 burden? Voskian is sure of it. “Going at our current momentum, and seeing the world embrace carbon capture, this is the right path forward,” he says. “With our partners, deploying manufacturing facilities on a global scale, we will make a dent in the problem in our lifetime.”

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Musk gets Twitter for $44 billion, to cheers and fears of 'free speech' plan – Reuters

NEW YORK, April 25 (Reuters) – Elon Musk clinched a deal to buy Twitter Inc (TWTR.N) for $44 billion cash on Monday in a transaction that will shift control of the social media platform populated by millions of users and global leaders to the world's richest person.
It is a seminal moment for the 16-year-old company, which emerged as one of the world's most influential public squares and now faces a string of challenges.
Musk, who calls himself a free speech absolutist, has criticized Twitter's moderation. He wants Twitter's algorithm for prioritizing tweets to be public and objects to giving too much power on the service to corporations that advertise.
Political activists expect that a Musk regime will mean less moderation and reinstatement of banned individuals including former President Donald Trump. read more Conservatives cheered the prospect of fewer controls while some human rights activists voiced fears of a rise in hate speech. read more
Musk has also advocated user-friendly tweaks to the service, such as an edit button and defeating "spam bots" that send overwhelming amounts of unwanted tweets.
Discussions over the deal, which last week appeared uncertain, accelerated over the weekend after Musk wooed Twitter shareholders with financing details of his offer.
Under pressure, Twitter started negotiating with Musk to buy the company at his proposed $54.20 per share price. read more
"Free speech is the bedrock of a functioning democracy, and Twitter is the digital town square where matters vital to the future of humanity are debated," Musk said in a statement.
Former Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey weighed in on the deal late on Monday with a series of tweets that thanked both Musk and current Twitter CEO Parag Agrawal for "getting the company out of an impossible situation."
"Twitter as a company has always been my sole issue and my biggest regret. It has been owned by Wall Street and the ad model. Taking it back from Wall Street is the correct first step," he said.
Twitter shares rose 5.7% on Monday to finish at $51.70. The deal represents a near 40% premium to the closing price the day before Musk disclosed he had bought a more than 9% stake.
Even so, the offer is well below the $70 range where Twitter was trading last year.
"I think if the company were given enough time to transform, we would have made substantially more than what Musk is currently offering," said Jonathan Boyar, managing director at Boyar Value Group, which holds a stake in Twitter.
However, he added, "If the public markets do not properly value a company, an acquirer eventually will."
Musk’s move continues a tradition of billionaires' buying control of influential media platforms, including Jeff Bezos’ 2013 acquisition of the Washington Post.
Elon Musk twitter account is seen through Twitter logo in this illustration taken, April 25, 2022. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo
Twitter said Musk secured $25.5 billion of debt and margin loan financing and is providing a $21 billion equity commitment.
Musk, who is worth $268 billion according to Forbes, has said he is not primarily concerned with the economics of Twitter.
"Having a public platform that is maximally trusted and broadly inclusive is extremely important to the future of civilization. I don't care about the economics at all," he said in a recent public talk.
Musk is chief executive of both electric car maker Tesla Inc (TSLA.O) and aerospace company SpaceX, and it is not clear how much time he will devote to Twitter or what he will do.
"Once the deal closes, we don't know which direction the platform will go," Agrawal told employees on Monday. read more
Edward Moya, an analyst at currency broker OANDA, said in an email to clients the deal was "great news for Twitter shareholders as it doesn’t seem like the company was going to get things right anytime soon."
But he also said: "Tesla shareholders can’t be happy that Musk will have to divert even more attention away from winning the EV (electric vehicle) race."
Still, Musk's 84 million-strong Twitter account is seen as an important, free public relations and marketing tool for Tesla.
The Twitter transaction was approved by the company's board and is now subject to a shareholder vote. No regulatory hurdles are expected, analysts said.
Daniel Ives, an analyst at Wedbush, said the company's board of directors had its back "against the wall" once Musk detailed his financing package and no other bidders emerged.
Although it is only about a 10th of the size of far larger social media platforms like Meta Platforms Inc's (FB.O) Facebook, Twitter has been credited with helping spawn the Arab Spring uprising and accused of playing a role in the Jan. 6, 2021, storming of the U.S. Capitol.
After Twitter banned Trump over concerns around incitement of violence following the U.S. Capitol attack by his supporters, Musk tweeted: "A lot of people are going to be super unhappy with West Coast high tech as the de facto arbiter of free speech."
Trump, whose company is building a rival to Twitter called Truth Social, said in a Fox News interview on Monday that he will not return to Twitter.
The White House declined on Monday to comment on Musk's deal, but said President Joe Biden has long been concerned about the power of social media platforms.
"Our concerns are not new," said White House spokesperson Jen Psaki, adding that the platforms need to be held accountable. "The president has long talked about his concerns about the power of social media platforms, including Twitter and others, to spread misinformation."
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Alphabet Inc's Google plans to invest a total of 100 billion yen ($690.13 million) in Japan through 2024, its Chief Executive Officer Sundar Pichai told Nikkei in an interview on Friday.
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Microsoft unveils new research and technology to bridge the disconnect between leaders and employees so companies can thrive amid economic uncertainty – Stories – Microsoft

| Microsoft News Center

REDMOND, Wash. — Sept. 22, 2022 — On Thursday, Microsoft Corp. released a Work Trend Index Pulse report, “Hybrid Work Is Just Work. Are We Doing It Wrong?” The company also announced new capabilities in Microsoft Viva, its employee experience platform, designed to help empower and energize employees in a time of economic uncertainty.
The data makes clear that hybrid work has created a growing disconnect between employees and leaders. They’re at odds about what constitutes productivity, how to maintain autonomy while ensuring accountability, the benefits of flexibility and the role of the office. To bridge this gap, a new approach is needed that recognizes work is no longer just a place but an experience that needs to transcend time and space so employees can stay engaged and connected no matter where they are working.
“Thriving employees are what will give organizations a competitive advantage in today’s dynamic economic environment,” said Satya Nadella, chairman and CEO, Microsoft. “Today, we’re announcing new innovations across our employee experience platform Microsoft Viva to help leaders end productivity paranoia, rebuild social capital, and re-recruit and re-energize their employees.”
To help leaders navigate the new realities of work, the Work Trend Index Pulse report[1] points to three urgent pivots every leader should make:
To address these challenges, Microsoft is expanding its employee experience platform Microsoft Viva to help companies deliver an employee experience optimized for the way people now work. Today, Microsoft is announcing several new and enhanced capabilities coming to Viva:
The new Viva capabilities will begin rolling out to customers in early 2023.
To learn more, visit the Official Microsoft Blog, Microsoft 365 Blog and the new Work Trend Index Pulse report.
Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT” @microsoft) enables digital transformation for the era of an intelligent cloud and an intelligent edge. Its mission is to empower every person and every organization on the planet to achieve more.
[1] The Work Trend Index Pulse report is based on an external study of 20,000 people in 11 countries, along with analysis of trillions of Microsoft 365 productivity signals, LinkedIn labor trends and Glint People Science insights.
For more information, press only:
Microsoft Media Relations, WE Communications, (425) 638-7777, [email protected]
Note to editors: For more information, news and perspectives from Microsoft, please visit the Microsoft News Center at http://news.microsoft.com. Web links, telephone numbers and titles were correct at time of publication but may have changed. For additional assistance, journalists and analysts may contact Microsoft’s Rapid Response Team or other appropriate contacts listed at https://news.microsoft.com/microsoft-public-relations-contacts.
 

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Canada is outpacing the U.S. with its tech talent workforce growth – ITBusiness.ca

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Canada is outpacing the U.S. with its growth in its tech workforce over the past 12 months, according to LinkedIn’s Workforce Report for Canada.
The report revealed that Canada had a 1.6 per cent growth rate compared to the United States’ 1.1 per cent increase, which it said could be attributed to a number of technology workforce trends.
Canadian tech companies across the country are looking to grow their businesses, it noted. At the same time, a number of other established industries across Canada are doubling down on scaling out their tech capabilities. 
In addition, Canadian venture capital investment increased by 215 per cent to C$14.2 billion last year. According to the Canadian Venture Capital and Private Equity Association, the Information, Communications & Technology sector pulled in over C$9 billion of that amount.
According to the LinkedIn report, Canadian technology companies are experiencing company and headcount growth. For example, Toronto-based cybersecurity provider 1Password closed the largest investment round in Canadian history this past January and has plans to double its workforce over the next year. 
Growth has also occurred outside the IT sector, with telecommunications and banking sectors hiring more employees. Major lenders such as TD Bank have been on tech hiring sprees as they expand in areas such as artificial intelligence, automation tools and cybersecurity.
American companies are also looking outside of the U.S. for talent, thanks to the trend towards remote work that allows people to work from anywhere. And big tech companies such as Google, Amazon, Netflix, Reddit, Meta, Uber and Wayfair have all added tech jobs in Toronto and across Canada. 
Tech talent is blossoming in cities across the country, but the cities with the most notable growth include Calgary, Vancouver, and Toronto. 
Combined, they saw a digital skills growth of 6.3 per cent. In comparison, in top cities in the U.S. including Seattle, San Francisco Bay Area, and New York City, total tech talent growth was 4.7 per cent. 
Canadian universities such as University of Toronto and the University of Waterloo, two Ontario-based schools, are also churning out tech workers, the report revealed.
The University of Waterloo, for example, enrolled twice as many engineering students as Stanford and MIT combined, according to the Waterloo Region Economic Development Corporation. Its engineering students also graduate with two years of on-the-job experience at global companies. 
The tech jobs that have experienced the most growth over one year include data engineer, back end developer, software engineering manager, and implementation scientist.
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Technology News: Read Technology news & latest Tech updates today | The Economic Times – Economic Times

The Karnataka Transport Department on Friday issued notices to Ola, Uber and Rapido, ordering them to halt their autorickshaw services in three days. The ride-hailing startup said the allegations made regarding extra money being charged are “completely false”
More than 40 percent of the apps Meta listed involved ways to edit or manipulate images, and some were as seemingly simple as using smartphones as flashlights
The return of facial recognition on Pixel phones comes after Google became stricter about launching products with facial recognition, in part due to questions about its performance on darker skin
Shopify committed to change the design of its templates to include fields for company information and contact details, to provide clear guidance to traders on relevant EU consumer law and to provide company details about any EU trader when requested by any national consumer authority. The company also agreed to take down web shops in breach of EU consumer law
Experts say that behind the scenes, banks could be scrambling to find buyers for $12.5 billion in debt from the deal, and Musk is trying to hold together a group of equity investors that is pitching in billions more. The erratic billionaire is on the hook for the rest
The report is based on a study of over 3,000 businesses with under 300 employees across 10 markets worldwide, conducted by Analysys Mason.
Zhao said the tokens were stolen from a blockchain “bridge” used in the Binance-linked blockchain called BNB Chain, known as Binance Smart Chain until February.Blockchain bridges are tools used to transfer cryptocurrencies between different applications.
In the ever-evolving communication landscape, more than 70% of Indians prefer to message businesses rather than sending an email, calling or visiting their website, a new report said on Friday. Nearly 75% Indians surveyed said they are more likely to do business with/purchase from a company that they can contact via messaging.
Until the second quarter of this year, Samsung, along with other tech companies, significantly benefitted from strong demand for electronic devices — as well as chips that power them — during the pandemic. But the global economy is now facing multiple challenges, including soaring inflation, rising interest rates and a growing threat of a broad debt crisis.
TVS Capital backs technology-driven businesses in financial services and enterprise (B2B) services. Its current Fund-3 portfolio includes unicorns such as Digit Insurance, Five Star Business Finance, and Yubi (CredAvenue).
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Researchers Develop Painless Tattoos That Can Be Self-Administered | Research – Georgia Tech

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A microneedle patch tattoo is pressed to the skin.
Instead of sitting in a tattoo chair for hours enduring painful punctures, imagine getting tattooed by a skin patch containing microscopic needles. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed low-cost, painless, and bloodless tattoos that can be self-administered and have many applications, from medical alerts to tracking neutered animals to cosmetics. 
“We’ve miniaturized the needle so that it’s painless, but still effectively deposits tattoo ink in the skin,” said Mark Prausnitz, principal investigator on the paper. “This could be a way not only to make medical tattoos more accessible, but also to create new opportunities for cosmetic tattoos because of the ease of administration.” 
Prausnitz, Regents’ Professor and J. Erskine Love Jr. Chair in the School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, presented the research in the journal iScience, with former Georgia Tech postdoctoral fellow Song Li as co-author. 
Tattoos are used in medicine to cover up scars, guide repeated cancer radiation treatments, or restore nipples after breast surgery. Tattoos also can be used instead of bracelets as medical alerts to communicate serious medical conditions such as diabetes, epilepsy, or allergies.  
Various cosmetic products using microneedles are already on the market — mostly for anti-aging — but developing microneedle technology for tattoos is new. Prausnitz, a veteran in this area, has studied microneedle patches for years to painlessly administer drugs and vaccines to the skin without the need for hypodermic needles. 
“We saw this as an opportunity to leverage our work on microneedle technology to make tattoos more accessible,” Prausnitz said. “While some people are willing to accept the pain and time required for a tattoo, we thought others might prefer a tattoo that is simply pressed onto the skin and does not hurt.”   
Transforming Tattooing 
Tattoos typically use large needles to puncture repeatedly into the skin to get a good image, a time-consuming and painful process. The Georgia Tech team has developed microneedles that are smaller than a grain of sand and are made of tattoo ink encased in a dissolvable matrix.  
“Because the microneedles are made of tattoo ink, they deposit the ink in the skin very efficiently,” said Li, the lead author of the study. 
In this way, the microneedles can be pressed into the skin just once and then dissolve, leaving the ink in the skin after a few minutes without bleeding.   
Tattooing Technique 
Although most microneedle patches for pharmaceuticals or cosmetics have dozens or hundreds of microneedles arranged in a square or circle, microneedle patch tattoos imprint a design that can include letters, numbers, symbols, and images. By arranging the microneedles in a specific pattern, each microneedle acts like a pixel to create a tattoo image in any shape or pattern.  
The researchers start with a mold containing microneedles in a pattern that forms an image. They fill the microneedles in the mold with tattoo ink and add a patch backing for convenient handling. The resulting patch is then applied to the skin for a few minutes, during which time the microneedles dissolve and release the tattoo ink. Tattoo inks of various colors can be incorporated into the microneedles, including black-light ink that can only be seen when illuminated with ultraviolet light.  
Prausnitz’s lab has been researching microneedles for vaccine delivery for years and realized they could be equally applicable to tattoos. With support from the Alliance for Contraception in Cats and Dogs, Prausnitz’s team started working on tattoos to identify spayed and neutered pets, but then realized the technology could be effective for people, too. 
The tattoos were also designed with privacy in mind. The researchers even created patches sensitive to environmental factors such as light or temperature changes, where the tattoo will only appear with ultraviolet light or higher temperatures. This provides patients with privacy, revealing the tattoo only when desired. 
The study showed that the tattoos could last for at least a year and are likely to be permanent, which also makes them viable cosmetic options for people who want an aesthetic tattoo without risk of infection or the pain associated with traditional tattoos. Microneedle tattoos could alternatively be loaded with temporary tattoo ink to address short-term needs in medicine and cosmetics.  
Microneedle patch tattoos can also be used to encode information in the skin of animals. Rather than clipping the ear or applying an ear tag to animals to indicate sterilization status, a painless and discreet tattoo can be applied instead.  
“The goal isn’t to replace all tattoos, which are often works of beauty created by tattoo artists,” Prausnitz said. “Our goal is to create new opportunities for patients, pets, and people who want a painless tattoo that can be easily administered.”  
Li, Song, Kim, Youngeun, Lee, Jeong Woo, Prausnitz, Mark R. Mircroneedle patch tattoos. iScience (2022). 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2022.105014
Prausnitz has co-founded a company called Micron Biomedical that is developing microneedle patch technology, bringing it further into clinical trials, commercializing it, and ultimately making it available to patients.   
Prausnitz and several other Georgia Tech researchers are inventors of the microneedle patch technology used in this study and have ownership interest in Micron Biomedical. They are entitled to royalties derived from Micron Biomedical’s future sales of products related to the research. These potential conflicts of interest have been disclosed and are overseen by Georgia Institute of Technology.  
 
Medical alert tattoo: microneedle patch (above) and tattoo on skin (below).Credit: Song Li, Georgia Tech
Heart tattoo: microneedle patch (above) and tattoo on skin (below).Credit: Song Li, Georgia Tech
A magnified view of a microneedle patch with green tattoo ink.
Tess Malone, Research Writer/Editor
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Atlanta, GA 30332 +1 404.894.2000 Campus Map
© 2022 Georgia Institute of Technology

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The Take: Technology Companies Reassess Manufacturing in China – SAP News Center

Perspective by SAP News September 7, 2022
What’s News
U.S. technology companies, beginning with smartphone manufacturers, are considering diversifying their manufacturing operations away from China.
Apple and Google, which are respectively launching new versions of their iPhone and Pixel handsets shortly, have said they are exploring other countries for manufacturing. Apple is expected to produce some of its latest iPhones — unveiled this week — in India, while Google will reportedly manufacture some of its latest Pixel handsets in Vietnam.
Many U.S. and European tech companies began to reassess their Chinese manufacturing operations during the Trump administration trade war with China and some said they would shift at least part of their operations to other offshore manufacturing centers including Vietnam and Mexico.
Those initiatives have gained momentum in the wake of the pandemic and China’s zero-tolerance COVID-19 policy, which has resulted in the repeated shutdown of manufacturing centers in the country causing sever supply chain disruption.
At the same time, China’s domestic economy has shown signs of slowing and potentially falling into recession, potentially reducing local demand for consumer electronics.
The Chinese economy grew by a modest 0.4% in the 2022 second quarter and is unlikely to reach its economic growth target of 5.5% this year.
China’s shifting economic outlook was reflected in a leaked memo penned recently by Huawei Founder Ren Zhengfei, who warned that the pandemic, the Ukraine war and ongoing trade tensions between the U.S. and China will lead to a “very painful historical period,” over the next decade.
Amar Sindhwad, industry lead in SAP’s internal analyst group, CMI, said that several issues are causing tech companies to reconsider their manufacturing presence in China. “There are a couple of systemic challenges facing China,” he says. They include lockdowns, power shortages and costs, rising inflation and a partial collapse of its real estate sector.
Increased geopolitical tensions between the U.S. and China over Taiwan have also exacerbated concerns. While there are no signs yet of a mass exodus, analysts believe Western technology companies are likely to continue to slowly scale down their reliance on Chinese manufacturing facilities.
“These moves clearly indicate a problem for China and foreign companies operating there,” says Sindhhwad. “Many foreign companies are deliberating alternate strategies in their board discussions and for some, relatively, it’s an easy exit owing to the nature of their operations and manufacturing. It’s a gradual, deliberate and a systematic exit plan for companies that decide to do so.”
Contact:
Ilaina Jonas, Senior Director of Global Public Relations, SAP
+1 (646) 923-2834, ilaina.jonas@sap.com
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New PwC Technology Apprentices start their journey – and first ever graduates celebrate success – University of Birmingham

New PwC Technology Degree Apprentices are due to start at the University this September, right after the first ever cohort celebrated their graduation.
Part of the first cohort to join PwC’s Technology Degree Apprenticeship in 2018, the recent graduates studied computer science at the University of Birmingham, and worked in technology teams at PwC, based in the Birmingham office. After completing the four year programme our 34 apprentices have graduated and are about to accelerate their technology careers at PwC and beyond.
Together with the 21 individuals joining the 2022 cohort and those who joined between 2019 and 2021, a total of 171 apprentices have now enrolled onto the programme.
The Technology Degree Apprenticeship was designed to support economic growth across the region, by tackling the digital skills gap and improving access to careers in Technology.
The apprentices enjoy a full salary and benefits from their very first day at PwC, as well as having their tuition fees paid. This enables learners from all socio-economic backgrounds to access a degree, work experience and accelerate their career.
Georgina Cottrell, one of the apprentices said: “This apprenticeship has given me a massive leap forward into my career, and when I continue my career with PwC in August, I will already have a huge amount of experience in the company as well as a head start compared to other graduates. Applying for the apprenticeship was the best decision I made, and I am so happy at where I am today. Throughout the apprenticeship I worked with some amazing people who assisted me at every step of the way. This apprenticeship requires a lot of hard work and dedication, but as long as you make the most out of it by taking every opportunity that is given to you and putting in 100% to everything you do, the outcome is amazing.”
Professor Jon Green, Deputy Pro-Vice Chancellor (Education) at the University of Birmingham said: “I am delighted with the success of this first graduating cohort of apprentices on the four-year Digital and Technology Solutions Degree Apprenticeship with PwC. This apprenticeship programme for undergraduates was the first one developed at the University of Birmingham and it has been an excellent collaboration with PwC. The programme continues to attract and develop well-qualified apprentices. The aim has always been to ensure the programme recruits apprentices from all backgrounds focussing on the local region. The apprentices will continue to develop their careers with PwC and I am sure they will make major contributions to the future of digital technologies; we wish them every success.”
Matthew Hammond, PwC’s Midlands Region Leader and Birmingham Senior Partner said: “I’m thrilled that the first apprentices on the PwC Technology Degree Apprenticeship have graduated and will be continuing their careers with PwC. They are the tech powered leaders of tomorrow. Their individual and collective achievements in the context of the challenges of the pandemic is to be celebrated as an even bigger achievement.
“It is a fantastic privilege for PwC to work alongside University of Birmingham to develop the talent and skills so acutely needed as has been evidenced this week by the scale of market opportunity for those with relevant technology skills and experience. In total, 34 apprentices have graduated in 2022 in Birmingham and a further 1376 apprentices are in the cohorts of year groups who have commenced their programmes since 2019.
“Supporting young people and developing skills in the region is one of our top priorities and was part of our commitment to support the Birmingham B2022 Commonwealth Games. Working closely with other selected organisations we are now embarking on taking digital and technology skills programmes into schools at scale, and helping with creating routes to career development.
“Our collective goal with the University of Birmingham is to keep attracting exceptional talent from schools across the region and enable individuals from all backgrounds to access a market-leading apprenticeship degree. Students who are interested in careers in tech should enquire about future intake opportunities.”
Undergraduate
Deputy Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Education
Undergraduate
Deputy Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Education
The University of Birmingham and PwC have collaborated to launch a four year, fully-funded technology degree apprenticeship to develop the UK's next generati…
14 June 2017
Edgbaston Birmingham B15 2TT United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0)121 414 3344

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Analysing Nigeria's National Artificial Intelligence Policy | The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News — Technology — The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News – Guardian Nigeria

It is no more news that Artificial Intelligence (AI) growth can be attributed to Digital Innovation and the evolution of technology. Globally, countries are grappling with ways to manage the exponential growth of new and emerging technologies to advance their economies.
AI remains one of the most significant technologies for business, the economy, and society and the engine of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. This calls for a comprehensive understanding of AI that takes into account its technical, organizational, legal, social, and philosophical dimensions.
In the history of commerce, the economy, and society, AI is undoubtedly one of the most potent technologies. There are many different kinds of AI algorithms and systems, but two of them are frequently used in business: those that use predetermined, possibly human-defined rules to make predictions, suggestions, and decisions, and those that learn these “rules” (which are in general mathematical functions) from data.
The entire range of governmental laws, rules, court rulings, and municipal ordinances is characterized by a well-designed policy. Such public policies implemented by the federal, state, and local governments affect everyone because a government naturally has impacts on every part of our life.
Also in cognisance of the exponential growth and potential value of digital technologies, which is in line with the vision of President Muhammad Buhari to diversify the Nigerian economy through utilizing digital technologies, the President launched the National Digital Economy Policy and Strategy (NDEPS), developed by the Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy to leverage the many opportunities provided by these digital technologies.
I am therefore delighted that the Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Professor Ali Isa Pantami recently directed the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) to develop a National Artificial Intelligence Policy (NAIP).
In a press statement signed NITDA spokesman, Hadiza Umar, the development of the NAIP is envisaged to maximise the benefits, mitigate possible risks, and address some of the complexities attributed to using AI in our daily activities. Umar said it would provide directions on how Nigeria could take advantage of AI, including the development, use, and adoption of AI to proactively facilitate the development of a sustainable digital economy.
NITDA is responsible for developing standards, guidelines, and frameworks for the IT sector in Nigeria, as enshrined in Section 6 of the NITDA Act 2007. The Agency therefore invites the public to contribute and participate in developing the NAIP.
While inaugurating the establishment of the National Centre for AI and Robotics (NCAIR) in 2020, Pantami listed the immense and immeasurable benefits derivable from the project. He disclosed that the Federal Government had indicated its willingness to partner with the Nigeria Computer Society on Artificial Intelligence to boost the nation’s economy.
During the maiden edition of the Artificial Intelligence Summit, Pantami, represented by the Director, National Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Yau Garba, said research on AI and other emerging technologies was ongoing with researchers in various universities across the country.
“AI is ushering in new ways of planning, traveling, and working. Its innovative use has been changing lives for the better, creating new jobs and augmenting some existing ones while entirely replacing others”, he said.
The goal of AI policy is dual. To ensure AI’s numerous advantages for the economy and society, governments should, on the one hand, invest in its development and implementation. Governments can accomplish this by funding basic and applied research, the training of specialists in AI technologies, the development of digital infrastructure and related technologies, and initiatives that support the adoption and use of new AI technologies by both the public and private sectors.
On the other hand, governments must also react to the societal and economic problems that the development of AI has created. Automation, algorithmic bias, data exploitation, and wealth inequality are just a few of the numerous issues that need policy solutions from governments all over the world.
In the last six years, computers have learned to speak and interpret all of the languages spoken on the planet, recognize faces and objects, and even play challenging video games. In the coming years, industries, as varied as transportation and healthcare, are expected to undergo significant change. Some of our favorite services, like Netflix and Google Search, are already based on AI algorithms. Simply put, governments are now aware of the disruptive potential of AI and are attempting to prepare for it.
But there is a story of competitiveness beyond this technological advancement. It is now obvious that there is much more demand than there is supply for AI skills. Only 22,000 PhD-trained AI researchers are present worldwide, with the majority (40%) concentrated in the US, according to a report by Element AI.
Countries are hurrying to create AI Master’s and Ph.D. programs, short-term training initiatives, massive open online courses, scholarships, and fellowships in order to train domestic talent and draw in international expertise. Nearly every recent national strategy incorporates a mix of these programs to draw in, keep, and advance AI talent.
Policymakers can’t leave AI to computer scientists alone because it is so crucial to do it correctly. They have to consult with legal professionals, economists, ethicists, psychologists, philosophers, and of course the communities they serve as they formulate policy. NITDA has taken that step forward to seek for everyone’s contributions to make this policy benefit the country and the people.
Since NITDA has called for public contributions, this is the time for human rights activities, public commentators, tech analysts, ICT specialists, the media and the general public to provide their perspective and insights towards a workable National Artificial Intelligence Policy.
Fom Gyem writes from Wuye District, Abuja 

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